Substation Security Architecture Reference Diagrams 2.0

Substation Security Architecture Reference Diagrams (co-author)

The nation’s power system consists of both legacy and next generation technologies. This includes devices that may be 30-50 years old, include no cyber security controls, and implement proprietary communication protocols and applications. Many of these legacy devices have significant computing and performance constraints that limit the cyber security controls that may be implemented.

By contrast, new technologies may include modern information technology (IT) devices with commercially available applications and communication protocols. The new operations technology (OT) devices may also include commercially available applications and communications functions. With this shift in technology, utilities are exploring methods to better address cyber security requirements. This encompasses prioritizing the systems, performing a cyber security risk assessment, and determining the impacts of a cyber security compromise. Such activities are all part of a cyber security strategy.

Another component of the cyber security strategy is the cyber security architecture. At present, utilities have enterprise architecture diagrams, but they have not typically developed their cyber security architecture. This technical update includes transmission and distribution substation cyber security architecture reference diagrams for legacy, transition, and future configurations. The update serves as a companion document to EPRI’s Substation Attack Surface Analysis (3002010417, December 2017)

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